María Nieves Rico, at the time of publication, was the Director of the Social Development Division of the Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean (ECLAC). Her field of expertise is social policy with emphasis on gender and human rights, social protection and child poverty. She has acted as advisor to Latin American and Caribbean Governments on social protection and family schemes. Nieves Rico has published over 70 papers.
This paper is a contribution to March 2015 edition of the EU-LAC Foundation on Youth Employment. This article gives the views of the author, and not the position of the EU-LAC Foundation.
In its “Trilogy of Equality” (ECLAC, 2010, 2012 and 2014a), ECLAC maintains that Latin America must harmonise economic, social and environmental sustainability with a strategy that focuses on development. In this strategy, equality is the ultimate aim to be achieved through structural change effected in politics. With this in mind, the “Trilogy of Equality” proposes making the labour force more inclusive, views equality from a perspective that goes beyond the distribution of income, and factors equalisation into the availability of opportunities and the capacity to seize them. Therefore, developing the skills base of new generations is one of the cornerstones for progress. Two main areas are key: education and work. Together they make up the nexus for development, based on the assumption that equality must be the constitutive principle and the ultimate aim of its reorientation. This life-cycle approach allows for the extrapolation that young people are the artifice of all these processes. (Leer artículo)