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International Trade, Development and the Environment :

A Review of Instruments, Negotiations, Processes and Actors Relevant for Latin America
Policy Brief on Trade and Environmental Policy
Publisher: 
KAS-Peru
City: 
Lima
Volume, number, page: 
21 p.
Category: 
Abstract: 
During the last four decades, and as a main component of globalization, a generalized liberalization and open market process has taken place in most countries worldwide. Many see liberalization as an essential part of (sustainable) development. Many countries, mainly Asia and Latin America, have gradually begun to emerge from poverty and under development, as a result, among other things, of international trade. However, paradoxically, the openness of international trade has increased the pressure on natural resources and capacities of many countries to address its consequences, including pollution,
The purpose of this series of briefs is to facilitate understanding by negotiators and different actors involved in trade and environment negotiations, about the present history and situation of ongoing negotiation processes. They furthermore seek to present in a simple manner the implications of these negotiations in the context of an increasingly complex institutional and normative architecture on trade and the environment, and the links between them. land degradation, loss of biodiversity, increase in the concentration of greenhouse gases, and negative impacts on natural resources in general.

EU-Mercosur :

tapping the Atlantic’s potential
City: 
Madrid
Volume, number, page: 
n.4, p.1-3.
Category: 
Abstract: 
Over the last few years, the EU’s influence on the global stage has been undermined by a number of developments. Two of them merit special attention: (1) Europe’s economic and financial crisis, and the concomitant political crisis within the EU; and (2) the decision of the Obama Administration to shift its foreign policy priorities towards the Asia-Pacific region. One obvious way for the EU to try to mitigate these two problems is to tap into the economic and geo-political potential of the broader Atlantic Basin. In this vein, the EU has been negotiating a Free Trade Agreement (FTA) with the US for some time, the so-called Transatlantic Trade and Investment Partnership (TTIP). Admittedly, Donald Trump’s election as President of the US represents a serious setback for TTIP. However, if the EU and US managed to weather future complications and reach a reasonable agreement, this could create a truly transatlantic market, with the potential of playing a pivotal role in global trade. Moreover, and given that Canada and Mexico enjoy close trade ties with the US –through the North American Trade Agreement (NAFTA)–, the EU has found it convenient to negotiate separate FTAs with these two countries. The FTA with Canada was signed last October, despite some controversies during the ratification process within the EU. The FTA negotiations with Mexico are still ongoing.

El interregionalismo europeo y la integración regional latinoamericana

City: 
Cali
Volume, number, page: 
6:2, pp.96-105
Abstract: 
La relación Unión Europea - América Latina se inscribe en la lógica del interregionalismo. En este artículo se aborda esa relación, especialmente en lo que concierne a la integración de América Latina. Para ello se ofrece, en un primer momento un panorama conceptual (desde las implicaciones académicas de región, regionalismo e interregionalismo, entre otros). Mediante el método documental se verificó la existencia de una estrategia interregional de la Unión Europea y la posible norteamericanización de la misma. Se obtuvo como resultado que la existencia de la estrategia se ha traducido (entre otras) en la negociación del Tratado de Libre Comercio entre la Unión Europea y la Comunidad Andina de Naciones (TLC UE-CAN). Se llegó finalmente a dos conclusiones mayores. La primera es la constatación de dicha norteamericanización. La segunda es que se observa una profundización de la presencia internacional de Europa como actor regional y que esto es comparable con la profundización de su poder blando en el mundo.

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