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Subregion - European Union

Intercambio de experiencias entre los países andinos y Europa en materia de cooperación transfronteriza” informe de resultados

Informe de resultados, Proyecto CESCAN II
Publisher: 
CAN
City: 
Tulcán
Volume, number, page: 
47 p.
Considered Countries: 
Abstract: 
Documento que presenta las bases conceptuales, la institucionalidad de la Cooperación Transfronteriza, de aquí en adelante CTF, la importancia de contar con una Estrategia regional de CTF y el proceso que se va aplicar por parte de la Secretaría General de la CAN y su Programa de Integración y Desarrollo de Fronteras.
Parte 1. Análisis comparativo de las experiencias de cooperación transfronteriza en los países de la Comunidad Andina y en las regiones europeas. Contiene las opiniones y aportes de los participantes del Taller sobre las experiencias de CTF en
el área andina, en las euroregiones y una síntesis integral de esas aportaciones. Parte 2. Construcción de propuestas encaminadas a la definición de una Estrategiade Cooperación Transfronteriza entre los países de la Comunidad Andina.
Contiene las propuestas de los participantes, elaboradas a partir del establecimiento de la situación comparada que consta en la primera parte y que serán los insumos para la construcción de la Estrategia de Cooperación Transfronteriza.Parte 3. Próximos pasos en el proceso de construcción de la Estrategia Regional de Cooperación Transfronteriza. Contempla lo que se debe hacer de modo inmediato para dar inicio al proceso de construcción de la estrategia y los compromisos que se deben asumir para el efecto.

Novena Reunión del mecanismo del diálogo especializado de alto nivel en materia de drogas entre la Comunidad Andina y la Unión Europea

Informe
Publisher: 
CAN
City: 
Lima
Volume, number, page: 
18 p.
Considered Countries: 
Abstract: 
Luego de las deliberaciones del caso, el Mecanismo adoptó la siguiente agenda:
1. Situación de la lucha contra las drogas en ambas regiones.
2. Información y seguimiento de otras reuniones relacionadas con la lucha contra las drogas.
3. Debate Temático: Desarrollo Alternativo.
4. Cooperación: Situación de los proyectos en curso (PRECAN - Drogas de Síntesis).
5. Programa Indicativo Regional 2007-2013 (Regional Strategy Paper)
6. Esfuerzos de reducción de la demanda
7. Varios

Human rights provisions in Economic Partnership Agreements in light of the expiry of the Cotonou Agreement in 2020

City: 
Brussels
Volume, number, page: 
45 p.
Category: 
Abstract: 
The study considers the options for suspending obligations under the EU-ACP Economic Partnership Agreements (EPAs) in connection with violations of human rights, democratic principles or the rule of law following the expiry of the Cotonou Agreement in 2020. It outlines the functioning of the human rights clause in the Cotonou Agreement, before considering the possibilities for suspending the EPAs under their own provisions, or for other reasons in international law, such as countermeasures. Next, it discusses how any post-2020 arrangements can best continue the existing mechanisms for human rights conditionality set out in the Cotonou Agreement. In connection with this, this study proposes certain suggestions for improving future versions of human rights clauses, and considers whether there are legal obstacles to the invocation of this clause under general international law, principally under WTO law. The study concludes with a set of
comments and recommendations.

Human rights dialogue between the European Union and Central America

City: 
Brussels
Volume, number, page: 
28 p.
Abstract: 
This report is a brief study of the political dialogue on human rights between the European Union and Central America and acts as a basis for the preparation of an own-initiative report by the European Parliament’s Subcommittee on Human Rights. Political dialogue is today considered to be the European Union’s most important instrument for external action. It entails dialogue on equal terms that recognises the different situations of the parties involved and uses cooperation as a common working method.One result of this instrument is the development of relations with the Central American isthmus, based on the Framework Cooperation Agreement with Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Nicaragua
and Panama, which was signed on 22 February 1993 and entered into force on 1 March 1999. The socalled San José Dialogue has also helped to contribute to the stability of these relations. The instability of the Central American region in past decades, caused by armed conflicts, has had a direct impact on the limited development of these nations. Nonetheless, and in spite of their terrible consequences, there is a social desire for change in the region, focusing on the improvement of living conditions in a peaceful context. Aware of the new development situation arising in the region, the European Union decided that it was appropriate to include Central America in its human development programmes, based on the promotion of democracy and human rights. This initiative gave rise to the Multiannual Programme for the Promotion of Democracy and Human Rights in Central America, which establishes different programmes for each country, and involves leaders and groups from civil society. By implementing these programmes the European Union is paving the way for comprehensive development among the actors involved. After analysing the above channels, this paper suggests a series of strategic recommendations to be considered as a preliminary analysis for the formulation of a framework strategy.

Germany–Latin America :

Fostering Strategic Alliances for a Global Energy Transition
Publisher: 
KAS-Peru
City: 
Lima
Volume, number, page: 
5p.
Considered Countries: 
Abstract: 
Latin America is of strategic importance for Germany’s international sustainable energy policies. Sustainable energy technologies not only have a large potential market in Latin America but also offer opportunities to address some of the region’s pressing issues. Moreover, Latin America offers interesting learning opportunities. In several Latin American countries, electricity supply has traditionally been based on renewable energies – namely hydropower. In some Latin American countries, bioenergy has become an important pillar of electricity and fuel supply. New renewable energy technologies such as wind and solar energy have recently gained ground. However, the region also has large oil and gas reserves. With growing energy demand, the expansion of new renewable energies goes hand in hand with rising demand for conventional energy. Moreover, Latin America is a strong voice in global efforts to mitigate climate change. The region is exposed to some of the most severe effects of climate change in the form of droughts, glacial retreat and rising sea levels. Droughts increasingly pose an energy security challenge in Latin American countries that are highly reliant on hydropower. Three Latin American countries are of particular relevance for German efforts to build alliances for a global energy transition: Germany has established bilateral energy partnerships with the regional heavyweights Brazil and Mexico, while Argentina has taken over the G20 presidency from Germany in 2018 and will thus play a central role in shaping the global energy agenda throughout its presidency.

Forthcoming Changes in the EU Banana/Sugar Markets :

A Menu of Options for an Effective EU Transitional Package
Publisher: 
ODI
City: 
London
Volume, number, page: 
84 p.
Category: 
Abstract: 
Preferential access under the EU’s Sugar and Banana Protocols has afforded large income transfers to a number of ACP countries. These transfers will be reduced under proposed reforms to the EU’s sugar and banana markets which have had to respond to a number of internal and external pressures (e.g. CAP reform, challenges in the WTO). Although reducing preferences for banana and sugar exports from these Protocol countries will have beneficial effects on development and poverty reduction in other major producing countries which are not party to these agreements, losses for some Caribbean ACP countries will be significant relative to external income.

Forging Bonds with Emigrants :

Challenges for Europe, Latin America and the Caribbean
Publisher: 
GIGA
City: 
Hamburg
Volume, number, page: 
53 p.
Category: 
Abstract: 
This document is based on the discussions which developed within the framework of the Seminar “Forging Bonds with Emigrants: Challenges for Europe, Latin America and the Caribbean” (https://www.giga-hamburg.de/forging-bonds-eulac), organised by the EU-LAC Foundation, the GIGA German Institute of Global and Area Studies and the Development Bank of Latin America (CAF), which took place at the Senate of the city of Hamburg, Germany, on September 18th to 20th, 2017.
Current debates on the subject of migration in Europe, Latin America and the Caribbean revolve around the challenges
posed by the increase in migration flows and the integration of immigrants in the States receiving them (Migration Policy Institute 2016). Much less attention is paid to the fact that some countries of these regions are exemplary in terms of the policies they have developed towards their emigrants. To better understand the migratory phenomenon and identify possibilities for international cooperation in this area, it is essential to understand that all immigrants are also emigrants. It is therefore also fundamental to investigate the policies adopted by the countries of origin to create or maintain links with their communities of citizens residing abroad. This article offers insights to understand these policies from a comparative perspective, illustrating good practices and making recommendations to help academia, private stakeholders, civil society and policy-makers to improve these bonds. In addition to the institutional agents, the migrants in the European Union and Latin America and the Caribbean are also principal stakeholders in the bi-regional relationship; their presence helps us to appreciate the relevance and necessity of the relationship between these regions and demonstrates the importance of a structured bi-regional dialogue on migration to resolve these challenges.

First Europe-Latin America Dialogue on Promotion of Energy Efficiency

(Brussels, Belgium, 28-30 October 1998)
Publisher: 
ECLAC
City: 
Santiago
Volume, number, page: 
82 p.
Abstract: 
This report contains a recap of the presentations given by the speakers at the “First Europe-Latin America Dialogue on Promotion of Energy Efficiency”, held in Brussels from 28 to 30 October 1998. The event was organized within the framework of the “Promotion of Energy Efficiency in Latin America” Project, which is cofinanced by ECLAC, through its Natural Resources and Infrastructure Division, and the SYNERGY Programme of the European Commission’s XVII Directorate-General of Energy. The project is under the direction of Fernando Sánchez Albavera, ECLAC Regional Adviser on Mining and Energy, and François Casana, head of the European Commission’s SYNERGY Programme.

Feasibility study of the European Union - Latin america Bi-regional solidarity fund proposed by the European Parliament

City: 
Brussels
Volume, number, page: 
21 p.
Abstract: 
This document presents a detailed examination of the feasibility of the European Parliament proposal contained in its resolution of 15 November 2001 to create a European Union - Latin America Bi-regional Solidarity Fund. That proposal has been repeated since then on numerous occasions and in various forums but has not yet been seriously considered either by the European Commission or by the Council. In this context, and on the eve of the Vienna Summit, this document sets out various specific proposals on the basic guidelines for the creation of the Fund, both as regards its organisational structure and in relation to its financial aspects and scope.

Europe and Latin America :

combating drugs and drug trafficking
City: 
Brussels
Volume, number, page: 
26 p.
Abstract: 
Two decades of cooperation between Europe and Latin America to combat drugs and drug trafficking have had a limited impact in terms of reducing drug consumption and production and have not led to better control of the criminal networks involved in the trafficking. Given this lack of decisive progress, fresh debate is emerging in Latin America on possible alternatives to the traditional models for tackling drugs, which are often seen as increasingly obsolete. These alternatives include measures such as decriminalisation and partial regulation of the drugs market. This study contains recent data on illegal drug consumption and production in the EU and Latin America, a general overview of the policies adopted in both regions, and analysis of the main bi-regional cooperation tools and main aspects of the current debate on drug trafficking. The study concludes with a number of recommendations on how to reform the current drugs and drug trafficking strategies and programmes pursued by both regions and with other partners.

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