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The European Higher Education Area in 2020

Bologna Process Implementation Report
Publisher: 
Publications Office of the European Union
City: 
Luxembourg
Category: 
Abstract: 
The history of the European Higher Education Area (EHEA), which this report aims to capture - at least in part - is one of extraordinary change. Following the signature of the Bologna Declaration in 1999, a first decade of preparation for the EHEA saw dramatic changes in higher education degree systems, quality assurance and internationalisation. These changes set higher education systems on a path in the same direction, but were contested and even resisted in many parts of Europe. This decade was followed by a period that focused on implementation processes that continues to the present. Despite the complexity of a process involving 48 countries, there have been many positive outcomes as the EHEA has transformed into a real rather than an imagined phenomenon. Its evolution in the future depends on the work that is undertaken now. Some basic facts are worth noting. Countries have continued to join the EHEA throughout the two decades, and student numbers have grown significantly in the vast majority of countries. Today, total student numbers have reached more than 38 million. Of these, the majority of students (56.4 %) are enrolled in first-cycle, bachelor-type study programmes that were viewed sceptically by many at the start of the Bologna Process. Although there are considerable variations between countries, overall public spending on tertiary education relative to GDP has a median value of 0.95 %. In most countries, this figure has either been stable or has decreased during the two decades. Thus, the increase in student demand has not been matched by expenditure on higher education.

Health at a Glance: Latin America and the Caribbean 2020

Health at a Glance: Latin America and the Caribbean 2020
Publisher: 
OECD Publishing
City: 
Paris
Abstract: 
Health at a Glance: Latin America and the Caribbean 2020 compares key indicators for population health and health systems across the 33 LAC countries. It builds on the format used in other editions of Health at a Glance, including the versions for the OECD member and partner countries, and the regional editions for Asia-Pacific and Europe. It presents comparable data on health status and its determinants, health care resources and activities, health expenditure and financing, and health care quality, along with selected health inequality indicators. This is the first LAC regional edition of Health at a Glance and was prepared jointly by the OECD Health Division in the Directorate for Employment, Labour and Social Affairs and the World Bank, led by Cristian A. Herrera from the OECD Health Division and Tomás Plaza-Reneses from the World Bank, with close collaboration from Gabriel Di Paolantonio from the OECD Health Division.
The production of Health at a Glance: Latin America and the Caribbean 2020 would not have been possible without the contribution from LAC countries that either provided data directly to the OECD or the World Bank, or supplied the data contained in this publication to other international organisations, such as the Pan American Health Organisation or the World Health Organization. After a revision round of the publication’s draft with LAC countries, we acknowledge the responses and comments received from Belize, Colombia, Costa Rica and Mexico. The authors wish to thank the valuable inputs and support received from Frederico Guanais, Deputy Head of the OECD Health Division, and Michele Gragnolati from the World Bank. The report benefited from thorough comments and suggestions from Ian Forde, Aakash Mohpal and Jeremy Veillard from the World Bank. From the OECD, we acknowledge the contributions from Stefano Scarpetta, Mark Pearson, Francesca Colombo, Rie Fujisawa and Niek Klazinga from the Directorate for Employment, Labour and Social Affairs, from Sebastian Nieto, Paula Cerutti and Juan Vazquez from the LAC Unit of the Development Centre, and the support from Jose Antonio Ardavin from the Division for LAC of the Global Relations Secretariat. We thank Claudia Allemani and Michel Coleman for their comments on the cancer survival section. Lucy Hulett (OECD) helped with the formatting and editing of the publication.

Construir un nuevo futuro

Una recuperación transformadora con igualdad y sostenibilidad
Construir un nuevo futuro: una recuperación transformadora con igualdad y sostenibilidad
Publisher: 
Santiago CEPAL
City: 
Santiago
Volume, number, page: 
LC/SES.38/3-P/Rev.1
Category: 
Abstract: 
En este documento presentado por la Comisión Económica para América Latina y el Caribe (CEPAL) a los Estados miembros en su trigésimo octavo período de sesiones, se sostiene que América Latina y el Caribe puede avanzar hacia un “gran impulso para la sostenibilidad” basado en una combinación de políticas económicas, industriales, sociales y ambientales que estimulen una reactivación con igualdad y sostenibilidad y relancen un nuevo proyecto de desarrollo en la región.
El documento se organiza en cinco capítulos. En el primero, se estudian las tres crisis (lento crecimiento, creciente desigualdad y emergencia ambiental) que afectan las economías y las sociedades a nivel mundial y las de América Latina y el Caribe. En el segundo, se presenta un marco para analizar estas crisis de manera integrada y dimensionar su magnitud en la región. En el tercero, se examinan los impactos cuantitativos sobre el crecimiento, las emisiones, la distribución del ingreso y el sector externo en distintos escenarios de política, destacándose el potencial de las combinaciones de políticas para forjar una senda de crecimiento más dinámica, con menores emisiones y mayor igualdad. En el cuarto, se identifican siete sectores que pueden impulsar el desarrollo sostenible y se proponen líneas de política para fomentarlos. En el quinto, se concluye con un análisis que articula las políticas macroeconómicas, industriales, sociales y ambientales, y el papel del Estado en la construcción de consensos para su implementación.

II International Congress on Biorefineries and Renewable Energies Supported in ICts: bresict

Publisher: 
Ediciones Universidad Cooperativa de Colombia
City: 
Bogotá
Volume, number, page: 
Evento Científico N.° 3
Category: 
Abstract: 
The II International Congress on Biorefineries and Renewable Energies Supported by ICTs (bresict) opened its doors from 17 to 20 February 2020 at the facilities of the Instituto Colombiano de Petróleo (icp), at Piedecuesta, Santander, to actors from the academic and industrial public and private sectors. National and international guest speakers, students, entrepreneurs, professors, and managers met in order to transfer, develop, and identify solutions based on the capabilities and technologies developed by universities, industry or government that are applicable to the country’s energy and global challenges. This version had a certified attendance of 150 visitors among attendees and speakers, from 13
countries, who had the opportunity to participate in two main activities held during the Congress: the academic and industrial papers presentation and the “Identification of collaboration opportunities for research and innovation projects” Workshop. During the co-creation workshops there were 64 attendees, including researchers, academics, and businessmen. Four research project proposals emerged: two from the renewable energy table and one from the respective tables in Biorefineries and Industry 4.0.

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