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II International Congress on Biorefineries and Renewable Energies Supported in ICts: bresict

Publisher: 
Ediciones Universidad Cooperativa de Colombia
City: 
Bogotá
Volume, number, page: 
Evento Científico N.° 3
Category: 
Abstract: 
The II International Congress on Biorefineries and Renewable Energies Supported by ICTs (bresict) opened its doors from 17 to 20 February 2020 at the facilities of the Instituto Colombiano de Petróleo (icp), at Piedecuesta, Santander, to actors from the academic and industrial public and private sectors. National and international guest speakers, students, entrepreneurs, professors, and managers met in order to transfer, develop, and identify solutions based on the capabilities and technologies developed by universities, industry or government that are applicable to the country’s energy and global challenges. This version had a certified attendance of 150 visitors among attendees and speakers, from 13
countries, who had the opportunity to participate in two main activities held during the Congress: the academic and industrial papers presentation and the “Identification of collaboration opportunities for research and innovation projects” Workshop. During the co-creation workshops there were 64 attendees, including researchers, academics, and businessmen. Four research project proposals emerged: two from the renewable energy table and one from the respective tables in Biorefineries and Industry 4.0.

Trafficking in Human Beings and Smuggling of Migrants in ACP Countries :

Key Challenges and Ways Forward, Informing discussions of the ACP-EU Dialogue on Migration and Development
Publisher: 
IOM
City: 
Brussels
Volume, number, page: 
119 p.
Abstract: 
Trafficking in human beings (THB) and smuggling of migrants (SoM), two distinct but often interrelated phenomena, occur on a global scale. Searching for a way out of economic inequalities, environmental crises, armed conflict, political instability and persecution, and in view of tightening border controls and restricted options for legal migration, migrants are driven to seek the services of smugglers. At the same time, a globalized economy fosters demand for diverse types of exploitation, which also makes migrants vulnerable to traffickers. Both THB and SoM are billion-dollar businesses that exact high human costs. This is illustrated by the many migrants dying while being smuggled along increasingly dangerous migration routes, and by the millions of trafficking victims trapped in exploitative situations worldwide. The African, Caribbean and Pacific (ACP) Group of States are increasingly stepping up to address THB and SoM. However, they face challenges in developing the necessary holistic, long-term interventions that combine law enforcement with a rights-based, victim-centred approach and with prevention efforts that are linked to development and offer realistic, practical alternatives to irregular migration. This ACP-EU Migration Action publication analyses these challenges and provides recommendations to tackle the difficulties that ACP countries face in relation to THB and SoM.

The Internal quality assurance as an instrument for the integration and improving of higher education :

analysis of best practices in the European Union and Latin America
City: 
Barcelona
Volume, number, page: 
123 p.
Category: 
Abstract: 
The aim of this work is to identify the main factors which influence in the implementation and development of Quality Assurance Systems in higher education institutions (HEIs), and compare different regions with similar changes. In such scenary, it becomes a necessary task try to understand the processes that have led to the current education policy as well as the changes in the vision which the European Community (EC) has had on higher education over time. In this vein, higher education and education in general have moved from a marginal location towards the center of the concerns in almost all over the world. So far, Higher Education Institutions (HEIs) do not work in a vacuum, but they are an important part of today's knowledge society. Through out a multiple case studies and two indepth case studies (Qualitative Methodology), was analyzed the way in which different internal quality assurance systems (IQAS) have been implemented and developed in six universities, [three from the Euroepan Union (EU) and three from Latin America (LA)]. From the observation of these cases in the field of quality assurance in higher education, we propose the use of some categories that provide an overview of the quality assurance as a policy domain within which policies are formulated. Derived from literature review were identified three big lines of work related with quality assurance issues in higher education; historical analysis; theoretical approaches, and political change. The latter has served as guideline to guide our work within the quality assurance in HEIs, particularly in reference to recurrent practices to evaluate the quality of some of the HEIs activities and the structures associated with these practices (Vlǎsceanu et al. 2007). In this proposal we follow a comparative approach to the political process, the outputs and outcomes of policies that facilitate discovering empirical relationships between variables, particularly in the field of public policies. Far to find answers, the results take us to consider some questions about possible patterns or guidelines associated to processes like the Bologna's for instance and compared with the Latin-American situation. This assignment speaks of quality assurance as a tool for the integration and improvement of higher education, also considers the quality assurance within the policy domain, as well as its different forms of implementation resulting from a national policy or transnational and whose impact is reflected in the actions taken by the HEI's. Even though is not a prescriptive framework, the EFQM excellence model perspective, allows to identifying the basic elements which compose the structure of QA system which is based on the application of the principles of Total Quality Management (TQM) towards educational institutions. Whatever the origin of these new activities, no doubt the normative framework derived from the Bologna Declaration has set some trends of accreditation in Europe. It is clear that, in one way or another, this has influenced the development of varied quality assurance outlines in Latin America, as is demonstrated by the development of the QA actions identified on presented cases

The EU and Latin America:

Political and Economic Trends in Times of Global Uncertainty
Publisher: 
IAI
City: 
Rome
Volume, number, page: 
n.14, pp.1-9.
Considered Countries: 
Abstract: 
The conference “Managing Multiple Crises in Times of Global Uncertainty: the EU and Latin America in comparison”, was organized on 16 April 2018. It brought together experts, academics and journalists from both Europe and Latin America to discuss the multifaceted crises that have recently been affecting the countries of the two regions, in order to define a roadmap for closer regional cooperation. Both Latin America and the European Union have been hit hard by the global financial crisis and its social consequences, and both have witnessed the rise of populist forces triggered by social discontent – albeit in various forms and with different agendas. The complex and multidimensional nature of the current global context offers considerable scope for stronger EU–Latin America cooperation and for common political ground

The development of relationships in science, technology, research and innovation in health between the EU and LAC countries:

a promising future
Publisher: 
Icict
City: 
Rio de Janeiro
Volume, number, page: 
8:1, pp.32-42.
Considered Countries: 
Abstract: 
This paper presents the evolution of the dialogue between European Union and Latin American and Caribbean countries with regard to Science and Technology cooperation, especially in health. We begin with a historical overview and a periodization of the history of relations between these two regions referred by a system of Summits that strengthened and supported the political dialogue. Then, we identify existing instruments for EU-LAC relations in science and technology and the main areas of cooperation and – from this perspective – we analyzed the state of cooperation between the regions. Finally, we discuss the perspectives and next steps toward future relations between EU and LAC countries in science, technology, research and innovation in health. In the end of the paper we present the projections for the forthcoming EU-LAC cooperation in science and technology in health that are being worked in the EU-LAC Health initiative. Today the bi-regional relationship calls for mutual benefits and it is expected that the strategic partnership will add value to both regions.

The application of international environmental law principles in Latin America:

a world apart from the EU?
Publisher: 
Academy of European Law
City: 
Trier
Volume, number, page: 
17: 4, pp.501-520
Abstract: 
This paper presents a comparative discussion of the application of principles of international environmental law in the Latin American region and the European Union. The question we seek to answer is how (international) environmental principles are employed by Supreme Courts in Latin America, with a brief comparison with the approach by the European Court of Justice. This research presents an illustrative sample of Court of Justice cases and Supreme Court cases in Latin American countries to create an overview of different principles and approaches in practice. We construct a database and an illustrative sample of cases related to the environment since the Rio Declaration of 1992. This sample shows a wide range of principles of and approaches to environmental law in Latin America. Preliminary findings point to strong harmonization in the application of the principle of public participation and participation of indigenous groups in development projects. However, other principles, such as participation by women, are not widely disseminated or regularly deployed in arguments in court or in rulings. Others international environmental principles such as the precautionary principle, the polluter pays principle and the principle of sustainable development are also part of our analysis. This paper concludes that the application of environmental law principles in the regions needs to be integrated and strengthened.

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