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Regionalism

The experience of European integration and the potential for integration in South America

Publisher: 
Fundació CIDOB
City: 
Barcelona
Volume, number, page: 
6/2007
Abstract: 
The experience of the European Union is the most significant and far-reaching
among all attempts at regional integration. It is, therefore, the most likely to provide some
lessons for those world regions that are just beginning this complex process. In turn, the
Common Market of the South (MERCOSUR) and the Andean Community (CAN) are among
the regional integration projects that have reached the greatest level of formal accomplishment
after the EU. MERCOSUR is a customs union that aspires to become a common market,
while avowing the commitment to advance towards political integration. For its part,
CAN is a customs union that has already developed supranational institutions such as a
Commission, a Parliament and a Court of Justice. In both cases, however, words have progressively
tended to wander far from deeds. One reason underlying this phenomenon may
be a misunderstanding of the European experience with integration. In this article, we discuss
the theories that have been developed to account for integration in Europe and may
prove useful to understand integration elsewhere and put forward a set of lessons that could
be drawn from the European experience. Subsequently, we introduce a description of the
experience of integration in South America and reflect (critically) on how the theories and
lessons drawn from the EU could be applied to this region -and beyond.

Latin American Regionalism and EU Studies

Publisher: 
Routledge
City: 
Abingdon
Volume, number, page: 
32:6, pp. 637-657
Abstract: 
Outside Europe, nowhere but in Latin America have integration attempts
and thinking developed so extensively across space and so consistently over time. This
article introduces the historical waves of Latin American regionalism in order to discuss
the theories applied to account for, and frequently advocate, regional integration. The
aim is twofold: on the one hand, to assess the capacity to travel of theories that have
been crafted for the EU; on the other, to draw lessons from the Latin American experiences
that may contribute to advance integration theory in general and EU studies in
particular.

European Union and MERCOSUR

European Union and new regionalism: regional actors and global governance in a post-hegemonic era
Publisher: 
Ashgate
City: 
Aldershot
Volume, number, page: 
pp. 165-183

European Union and NAFTA

European Union and new regionalism: regional actors and global governance in a post-hegemonic era
Publisher: 
Ashgate
City: 
Aldershot
Volume, number, page: 
pp. 153-164
Considered Countries: 

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