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Natural catastrophes

EU response to the Caribbean hurricanes

Publisher: 
European Parliament
City: 
Brussels
Category: 
Abstract: 
The scenes of devastation caused by recent hurricanes in the Caribbean are a stark reminder of the destructive force of nature. As residents struggle to rebuild their lives following the passage of the latest storms, attention turns to the relief efforts. The EU can help through emergency humanitarian assistance and a variety of funding mechanisms, depending on the status of the territories concerned and their relationship with the EU.

Evaluation of DG ECHO's Actions on Building Resilience in the LAC Region 02-10/2016

Final report : 02-10/2016
Publisher: 
European Commission
City: 
Luxemburg
Volume, number, page: 
142 p.
Abstract: 
This evaluation covers DG ECHO-funded initiatives aiming to increase the resilience of communities and countries to future stresses and shocks in Latin America and the Caribbean between 2012 and 2016. Exacerbated by growing urbanization, the region is exposed to natural hazards, political crises and climate change. ECHO contributions consist of the systematic inclusion of resilience into most of its humanitarian programs as well as the funding of dedicated risk reduction initiatives. ECHO funded a total 258 projects for an amount of 220 million Euros, 60% of this in Haiti and Colombia. Sustained risk reduction initiatives contributed to the growing commitment of regional and most national authorities to increase resilience. The effectiveness of resilience initiatives at community level depended to a large part on local and national ownership. When lacking, as often the case in Haiti, results were questionable. The recommendations include: to improve synergy and on-site cooperation between EU and EC development actors and ECHO, to focus efforts on fewer, larger, multi-partner initiatives, to support efforts at multiple scales within a country to assure a systems approach, and to develop a mechanism to objectively measure the impact on beneficiaries of past initiatives once a major stress or disaster occurs

Climate change impacts on droughts

Desertification, Land Degradation and Drought (DLDD), and bio-physical modelling for crop yield estimation in Latin America under a changing climate, Deliverable No. 8
Publisher: 
European Commission
City: 
Luxemburg
Volume, number, page: 
28 p.
Abstract: 
This Technical Report was developed in the framework of Component 3 of the second phase of the Programme EUROCLIMA: “Sustainable Agriculture, Food Security and Climate Change in Latin America: Strengthening the capacities of key stakeholders to adapt agriculture to climate change and mitigate its effects”. EUROCLIMA is a regional cooperation program between the European Union and Latin America aiming at facilitating the integration of mitigation and adaptation strategies into climate change public policies and development plans in Latin America. In the framework of EUROCLIMA, EU development assistance funding has been provided through the Commission’s Directorate General for International Cooperation and Development (AA JRC No. 2013/332-909) to work on the topics of Desertification, Land Degradation and Drought (DLDD), as well as on bio-physical modelling for crop yield estimation in Latin America. This study makes use of the most current General Circulation Models (GCMs) forced with CMIP5 climate projections to quantify the projected changes in intra-annual drought characteristics for South–Central America during the next century at a fine gridded scale. Since the analysis is based on GCMs and South–Central America region is part of the integrated framework that contributes to the global conditions used to stimulate the various climate projections, we decided also to conduct our analysis from a global to a continental perspective (in order to place South–Central America in the globe).

Drought forecasting for Latin America

Desertification, Land Degradation and Drought (DLDD), and bio-physical modelling for crop yield estimation in Latin America under a changing climate.
Publisher: 
European Commission
City: 
Luxemburg
Volume, number, page: 
32 p.
Abstract: 
This Technical Report was developed in the framework of Component 3 of the second phase of the Programme EUROCLIMA: “Sustainable Agriculture, Food Security and Climate Change in Latin America: Strengthening the capacities of key stakeholders to adapt agriculture to climate change and mitigate its effects”. EUROCLIMA is a regional cooperation program between the European Union and Latin America aiming at facilitating the integration of mitigation and adaptation strategies into climate change public policies and development plans in Latin America. In the
framework of EUROCLIMA, EU development assistance funding has been provided through theCommission’s Directorate General for International Cooperation and Development (AA JRC No.2013/332-909) to work on the topics of Desertification, Land Degradation and Drought (DLDD),
as well as on bio-physical modelling for crop yield estimation in Latin America.
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