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Institutionalization

EU foreign policy towards Latin America 

EU foreign policy towards Latin America 
Publisher: 
Palgrave Macmillan
City: 
Basingstoke
Volume, number, page: 
187 p.
Category: 
Abstract: 
This book analyzes the relations between two geographical areas with different levels of regional institutionalization: the European Union and Latin America. Characterized by low interdependence and asymmetry, this relationship operates in different levels ranging from EU-individual countries to EU-Latin American summits.

Poverty, inclusion, institutions 

a challenge for Latin America and the European Union
Publisher: 
Cacucci Editore
City: 
Bari
Volume, number, page: 
3;1, pp.101-118
Abstract: 
If, in the period immediately following the Second World War, the social market economy represented the attempt to implement the theoretical principles identified and developed by the authors of “Ordo”, of the Frieburg school, we ask whether today, as well, the model of the social market economy (SME) is able to respond to the challenges coming from a political and economic context that is inevitably changed. The process of European integration owes much to those principles and attempts at implementation of the same. Much, then, has been done, but even more remains to be done and, as “each horizon calls to a new horizon”, each problem refers us to the solution of new problems. For this reason, we have pondered the new challenges that await both the pure theorists and the policy-makers who take the social market economy as their model of inspiration. For this reason, we have centered our reflection on a paradigm whose components are: poverty, inclusion, institutions

Managing global interdependence on the Central American Isthmus: EU-Central America Interregional Relations

Publisher: 
UNU-CRIS
City: 
Brugge
Volume, number, page: 
W-2014/8
Abstract: 
The European Union (EU)-Central American interregional relationship has often been referred to as “one of the most successful examples of EU relations with any sub-region in the world” (former Commissioner for External Relations Christopher Patten, 2003). In summer 2013, the EU and Central America agreed on an Association Agreement, which was the first of its kind concluded between regions. The EU has now also established a region-to-region delegation in Managua, Nicaragua. This paper analyses the EU’s interests in pursuing such relations and argues that it mostly does so in order to promote liberal internationalism. Data was acquired through a literature review and – primarily – a large number of interviews conducted in Europe as well as Central America.

Concertation (1) or Negotiation: More than a Semantic Difference. Some Reflections about Lessons from the Cases of Mercosur and EU

City: 
Buenos Aires
Volume, number, page: 
12:3
Abstract: 
The purpose of this essay is to present a comparative analysis on the birth and developments of the Mercosur and of the European Union, trying to identifiy the central key that may explain the different life and accomplishments of both regimes, beyond their formal similarities. In both cases founding nations were politically and strategically motivated, and established organized cooperation and integration, going further than free trade among them, on the basis of normative treaties. Negotiations were and are the operative idoneous way utilized by those regimes. Moreover, European nations have chosen from the very begining concertación "to overcome their antagonisms" and to develop "a relative efficient and dynamic pattern of working together" and this prevail in the activities of the European Union until now. This crucial approach has to be taken as the main reason for the persistence of the regime and its success. On the other side Mercosur parties from the birth of the regime based their expectations on negotiations alone. The basic concertación in the European Union and the lack of it in Mercosur make the difference in the life and attainement of their respective purpose and goals.
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