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European Parliament

The European Union’s Latin America policy

A study of Foreign Policy Change and Coordination
City: 
London
Volume, number, page: 
302 p.
Category: 
Abstract: 
This thesis explores the evolution of the European Union’s (EU) Latin America policy through an analysis of factors internal to the EU’s foreign policy decision-making system. Its policy towards the region has changed in important ways over time and appears to have come to be more and more incoherent. Adapting existing Foreign Policy Analysis frameworks to the specific context of the EU’s foreign policy, this thesis seeks to understand how factors of bureaucratic politics shape the EU’s foreign policy towards third actors. It is hypothesized that where an analytical perspective which evaluates the EU’s increased policy incoherence towards Latin America as the result of rational decision-making is not satisfactory, bureaucratic politics need to be considered instead. Under this perspective, the EU’s policy incoherence is influenced by policy inertia arising out of previous commitments, the divergence of views between different internal EU actors, the autonomy of these to take decisions without prior consultation or coordination with others, and lastly the complexity and duration of EU foreign policy decision-making processes themselves. This research framework is then applied empirically by analysing the EU’s negotiations for international agreements with partners in the Latin American
region, and particularly those with regional organizations since the 1990s. This thesis finds that despite attempts to strengthen foreign policy coordination and coherence in the EU over time, the coherence of its Latin America policy has indeed been affected by bureaucratic politics arising out of factors such as changes to the internal organization of the European Commission or the disruption of established coordination mechanisms
through the Treaty of Lisbon. The findings contribute to our understanding of the evolution of EU-Latin American relations, on-going debates on the study of interregionalism, as well as more generally to the literature on EU foreign policy-making.

The European Parliament and its International Relations

The European Parliament and its international relations
Publisher: 
Routledge
City: 
London
Volume, number, page: 
304 p.
Category: 
Abstract: 
This book analyses the role of the European Parliament as an international actor and presents a new debate about its role outside the EU territory. It explores different policy areas including human rights, international aid, trade, crisis management and the environment to provide a systematic analysis of the modern global role of the European Parliament. The book also considers the European Parliament’s regional interactions with Africa, Latin America, the United States, Asia and the Middle East. With a common analytical framework and research covering the lifespan of the European Parliament from its first direct elections in 1979 to the present day, this comprehensive volume presents an unparalleled analysis of one of the most important institutions in the European Union.

A comparative reassessment of regional parliaments in Latin America

Parlasur, Parlandino and Parlatino
Publisher: 
IBRI
City: 
Brasilia
Volume, number, page: 
60:1, pp.1-18.
Abstract: 
The present article assesses and compares the MERCOSUR Parliament, the Andean Parliament, and the Latin American Parliament as instruments to insert political representation and parliamentarians in their respective integration projects. It is argued that the development of regional parliaments in Latin America, however, has not produced substantial changes in regional decisionmaking processes, which remain the exclusive domain of intergovernmental or interpresidential exchanges.

Multilayered International Parlamentarism: The Case of EU-Brazil Relations

Publisher: 
LSE
City: 
London
Volume, number, page: 
17/2014
Considered Countries: 
Abstract: 
Challenging the predominant scholarly focus on international parliamentary
institutions as the sole and sufficient object of inquiry into the global role of parliaments, this
article argues that international interparliamentary relations do not occur merely within isolated
forums, but may and do de facto evolve in layers of overlapping forums whenever circumstances
allow it. This article conceptualises multilayered international parliamentarism as developing in
webs of formal and informal linkages between the same parliamentary institutions in a variety
of bilateral and multilateral frameworks regarding the same region. To this end, I conduct an
in-depth case study of bilateral and multilateral relations between the parliaments of the EU
and Brazil through the lens of institutional arrangements as well as by examining the reaction
of the Brazilian and certain other Latin American parliaments to the EU’s Returns Directive.
The analysis shows that intensified international contacts among parliamentarians accentuate
the deliberative function of parliaments and foster their ‘diplomatic’ actorship in foreign affairs
in a concerted attempt to counterbalance globalisation-propelled ‘negotiated democracy’
nurtured by intergovernmental and transgovernmental ways of doing politics and making law.
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