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Environmental impact

The environmental and economic benefits for the European Union of strengthening co-operation with the Latin American region in the field of environment

Final Report
Publisher: 
Publications Office
City: 
Luxemburg
Volume, number, page: 
63 p.
Category: 
Abstract: 
Environment is receiving increased attention in the EU cooperation agenda, also in light of the EU’s objective of reducing its global environmental footprint. In this context, the main purpose of this study is to ascertain the economic and environmental benefits which could accrue to the EU from strengthening co-operation with Latin America in the field of environment. Based on an analysis of the main drivers of demand of environmental goods and services (EGS) and market conditions (including barriers to trade and investment), as well as on the creation of market development scenarios, the study shows that increased co-operation with Latin America can offer significant business opportunities for EU companies operating in the environmental market, particularly in the water and waste management sectors. Case studies for different countries (Mexico, Chile, Brazil and Colombia) assess opportunities in different segments. The study also highlights the scope for reduction of the EU environmental footprint linked to the consumption of commodities imported from Latin America. Finally, the study identifies pragmatic policy recommendations, highlighting the need to make efforts to reduce barriers to trade and investment in EGS, improving knowledge base of EU business and reducing EU’s environmental footprint.

Making mobility work for adaptation to environmental changes :

Results from the MECLEP global research
Publisher: 
IOM
City: 
Geneva
Volume, number, page: 
144 p.
Abstract: 
This report is the final publication of the European Union–funded Migration, Environment and Climate Change: Evidence for Policy (MECLEP) project. The comparative report builds on desk reviews, household surveys and qualitative interviews conducted in the six project countries (Dominican Republic, Haiti, Kenya, Republic of Mauritius, Papua New Guinea and Viet Nam) to assess the extent to which migration, including displacement and planned relocation, can benefit or undermine adaptation to environmental and climate change. Despite the different social and environmental contexts of the six studied countries, migration serves as an adaptation strategy as it often helps migrant households to diversify income and increase their preparedness for future hazards. Conversely, displacement due to natural hazards tends to pose challenges to adaptation as it increases the vulnerability of those displaced. Finally, planned relocation can both represent a successful adaptation strategy and expose the affected population to new vulnerabilities.

In this regard, the report highlights the importance of sharing examples of good practices for locally driven and rights-based planned relocations. Other important policy implications include the need for the following:

(a) Investing in disaster risk reduction and resilience to address environmental displacement;
(b) Integrating migration into urban planning to reduce challenges for migrants and communities of destination; and
(c) Stressing the importance of paying particular attention to gender issues and the needs of vulnerable groups, such as the elderly and trapped population.

In general, the report demonstrates how data and evidence are fundamental in formulating comprehensive policy responses and facilitating the potential positive effects of environmental migration.

Climate change impacts on droughts

Desertification, Land Degradation and Drought (DLDD), and bio-physical modelling for crop yield estimation in Latin America under a changing climate, Deliverable No. 8
Publisher: 
European Commission
City: 
Luxemburg
Volume, number, page: 
28 p.
Abstract: 
This Technical Report was developed in the framework of Component 3 of the second phase of the Programme EUROCLIMA: “Sustainable Agriculture, Food Security and Climate Change in Latin America: Strengthening the capacities of key stakeholders to adapt agriculture to climate change and mitigate its effects”. EUROCLIMA is a regional cooperation program between the European Union and Latin America aiming at facilitating the integration of mitigation and adaptation strategies into climate change public policies and development plans in Latin America. In the framework of EUROCLIMA, EU development assistance funding has been provided through the Commission’s Directorate General for International Cooperation and Development (AA JRC No. 2013/332-909) to work on the topics of Desertification, Land Degradation and Drought (DLDD), as well as on bio-physical modelling for crop yield estimation in Latin America. This study makes use of the most current General Circulation Models (GCMs) forced with CMIP5 climate projections to quantify the projected changes in intra-annual drought characteristics for South–Central America during the next century at a fine gridded scale. Since the analysis is based on GCMs and South–Central America region is part of the integrated framework that contributes to the global conditions used to stimulate the various climate projections, we decided also to conduct our analysis from a global to a continental perspective (in order to place South–Central America in the globe).

Drought forecasting for Latin America

Desertification, Land Degradation and Drought (DLDD), and bio-physical modelling for crop yield estimation in Latin America under a changing climate.
Publisher: 
European Commission
City: 
Luxemburg
Volume, number, page: 
32 p.
Abstract: 
This Technical Report was developed in the framework of Component 3 of the second phase of the Programme EUROCLIMA: “Sustainable Agriculture, Food Security and Climate Change in Latin America: Strengthening the capacities of key stakeholders to adapt agriculture to climate change and mitigate its effects”. EUROCLIMA is a regional cooperation program between the European Union and Latin America aiming at facilitating the integration of mitigation and adaptation strategies into climate change public policies and development plans in Latin America. In the
framework of EUROCLIMA, EU development assistance funding has been provided through theCommission’s Directorate General for International Cooperation and Development (AA JRC No.2013/332-909) to work on the topics of Desertification, Land Degradation and Drought (DLDD),
as well as on bio-physical modelling for crop yield estimation in Latin America.
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