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Educational sociology

The Internal quality assurance as an instrument for the integration and improving of higher education :

analysis of best practices in the European Union and Latin America
City: 
Barcelona
Volume, number, page: 
123 p.
Category: 
Abstract: 
The aim of this work is to identify the main factors which influence in the implementation and development of Quality Assurance Systems in higher education institutions (HEIs), and compare different regions with similar changes. In such scenary, it becomes a necessary task try to understand the processes that have led to the current education policy as well as the changes in the vision which the European Community (EC) has had on higher education over time. In this vein, higher education and education in general have moved from a marginal location towards the center of the concerns in almost all over the world. So far, Higher Education Institutions (HEIs) do not work in a vacuum, but they are an important part of today's knowledge society. Through out a multiple case studies and two indepth case studies (Qualitative Methodology), was analyzed the way in which different internal quality assurance systems (IQAS) have been implemented and developed in six universities, [three from the Euroepan Union (EU) and three from Latin America (LA)]. From the observation of these cases in the field of quality assurance in higher education, we propose the use of some categories that provide an overview of the quality assurance as a policy domain within which policies are formulated. Derived from literature review were identified three big lines of work related with quality assurance issues in higher education; historical analysis; theoretical approaches, and political change. The latter has served as guideline to guide our work within the quality assurance in HEIs, particularly in reference to recurrent practices to evaluate the quality of some of the HEIs activities and the structures associated with these practices (Vlǎsceanu et al. 2007). In this proposal we follow a comparative approach to the political process, the outputs and outcomes of policies that facilitate discovering empirical relationships between variables, particularly in the field of public policies. Far to find answers, the results take us to consider some questions about possible patterns or guidelines associated to processes like the Bologna's for instance and compared with the Latin-American situation. This assignment speaks of quality assurance as a tool for the integration and improvement of higher education, also considers the quality assurance within the policy domain, as well as its different forms of implementation resulting from a national policy or transnational and whose impact is reflected in the actions taken by the HEI's. Even though is not a prescriptive framework, the EFQM excellence model perspective, allows to identifying the basic elements which compose the structure of QA system which is based on the application of the principles of Total Quality Management (TQM) towards educational institutions. Whatever the origin of these new activities, no doubt the normative framework derived from the Bologna Declaration has set some trends of accreditation in Europe. It is clear that, in one way or another, this has influenced the development of varied quality assurance outlines in Latin America, as is demonstrated by the development of the QA actions identified on presented cases

European influence on the development of domestic policies in Chile and Mexico :

the case of Higher Education
City: 
Birmingham
Volume, number, page: 
393 p.
Category: 
Considered Countries: 
Abstract: 
The EU as an ideational actor has a significant impact on non-European countries. This thesis examines the growth of European ideas circulating throughout the field of Latin American Higher Education (HE), as part of the Bologna Process, which has manifested itself in a set of procedures, methods and tools that have contributed to the transformation of Chilean and Mexican HE. This phenomenon requires a rigorous analysis of
European ideational factors present within Normative Power Europe (NPE), not only through a cluster of ideas, norms, principles and values but also through analysing language. The thesis examines such claims, focusing on Chile and Mexico,and argues that the impact of European influences upon received countries is mediated by domestic circumstances. The thesis makes a contribution to both existing understanding of the European Union’s influence over Latin America and Latin American HE, and also seeks to advance upon existing debates around the notion of Normative Power Europe in particular, by illustrating how the NPE literature would benefit from a deeper consideration of the use of language and considering translation processes of receiver countries.

The European Union and MERCOSUR towards Convergence of Their Higher Education Systems

A Comparative Approach
Publisher: 
ISA
City: 
Gothenburg
Volume, number, page: 
pp.455-456.
Category: 
Abstract: 
Tanto la globalización, como los procesos de integración regional, están modificando o afectando de distintas formas a los Sistemas de Educación Superior. El llamado “proceso de Bolonia” (1999) es prueba de ello.Pero si este proceso es consecuencia directa de las políticas de movilidad académicas impulsadas por la Unión Europea durante más de una década, sin embargo, sus amplias implicancias se explican como consecuencia de haber nacido de una iniciativa intergubernamental de los ministros de educación de los principales Estados miembros del bloque. Por otra parte, en
el MERCOSUR, donde la posibilidad de crear un sistema de créditos al estilo de los ECTS fue descartado, se han realizado significativos avances en materia de convergencia de los Sistemas de Educación Superior. Lo característico de ambos casos es que son procesos de carácter voluntario, impulsados por los Estados miembros de ambos bloques y, al mismo así como un conjunto de entrevistas con informantes clave, nos proponemos abordar los orígenes del proceso de Bolonia a partir de elementos de análisis provenientes de la sociología de la acción pública. tiempo, no cuentan con una base jurídica importante que los respalde. Tomando como referencia parte de la literatura académica sobre el tema.

The Bologna Process as a hegemonic tool of Normative Power Europe (NPE)

the case of Chilean and Mexican higher education
Publisher: 
Taylor & Francis Ltd.
City: 
Abingdon
Volume, number, page: 
8:2, pp.247-256.
Considered Countries: 
Abstract: 
The scenario of Latin America in the higher education area, especially in Chile and Mexico, appears to be significantly affected by some European influences. We can see this by examining the implementation of two ‘hegemonic tools’: the Bologna Process and the Tuning Project. This paper argues that if we analyse the European influences as a normative power (NPE) on the construction of a common space in higher education in Chile and Mexico, the hegemonic process may, perhaps, prove to be focused on an ‘alternative imperialism’, based on Eurocentric discourse, which could also be called a ‘post‐colonialist’ strategy. This article will seek to show that European influences, exercised by the EU operating as a normative power, are only the ‘tip of the iceberg’ of the hegemonic process. The paper is divided into five parts: following the introduction, a general overview of the Bologna Process opens the discussion of questions of American or European hegemony. After that, I analyse NPE and the ‘ontological quality’ of the EU as a hegemonic power. The empirical cases of European influences, on Chilean and Mexican HE, are analysed in detail in order to show the most significant impacts on their public and university policies. Finally, I offer a view of the Bologna Process as a ‘European hegemonic instrument’ of NPE.

Planning, re-bordering and setting times

a comparative analysis of European and Latin American 'education spaces'
Publisher: 
Taylor & Francis Ltd.
City: 
Abingdon
Volume, number, page: 
11:4: pp. 520-537.
Abstract: 
The article compares educational regionalisation in Europe and Latin America. This analysis unveils the influence of three social phenomena in the two case studies, namely power, fields of activity and knowledge. Mostly, it focuses on the initiatives led by the European Union and the Organisation of Ibero-American States in order to implement large strategic, multi-government educational plans in each continent. The actions of international political players, the theories (or ‘ontologies’) embedded in these devices and the consequences for sub-national politics are observed.
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