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Biregionalism

Human rights dialogue between the European Union and Central America

City: 
Brussels
Volume, number, page: 
28 p.
Abstract: 
This report is a brief study of the political dialogue on human rights between the European Union and Central America and acts as a basis for the preparation of an own-initiative report by the European Parliament’s Subcommittee on Human Rights. Political dialogue is today considered to be the European Union’s most important instrument for external action. It entails dialogue on equal terms that recognises the different situations of the parties involved and uses cooperation as a common working method.One result of this instrument is the development of relations with the Central American isthmus, based on the Framework Cooperation Agreement with Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Nicaragua
and Panama, which was signed on 22 February 1993 and entered into force on 1 March 1999. The socalled San José Dialogue has also helped to contribute to the stability of these relations. The instability of the Central American region in past decades, caused by armed conflicts, has had a direct impact on the limited development of these nations. Nonetheless, and in spite of their terrible consequences, there is a social desire for change in the region, focusing on the improvement of living conditions in a peaceful context. Aware of the new development situation arising in the region, the European Union decided that it was appropriate to include Central America in its human development programmes, based on the promotion of democracy and human rights. This initiative gave rise to the Multiannual Programme for the Promotion of Democracy and Human Rights in Central America, which establishes different programmes for each country, and involves leaders and groups from civil society. By implementing these programmes the European Union is paving the way for comprehensive development among the actors involved. After analysing the above channels, this paper suggests a series of strategic recommendations to be considered as a preliminary analysis for the formulation of a framework strategy.

Decoupling Trade from Politics:

The EU and Region-Building in the Andes
City: 
Roma
Volume, number, page: 
18 p.
Category: 
Considered Countries: 
Abstract: 
In its external relations, the EU advances regional cooperation as a successful means of achieving peace and prosperity. In doing so, the EU promotes its own model as the most successful case of regional integration. A wide-reaching set of instruments, spanning from trade to political dialogue and aid, is used to promote regional cooperation and integration. Noneheless, regional organisations supported by the EU are far from accomplishing their set objectives. Using as a test case the Andean Community, the oldest Latin American regional organisation and a prominent case of EU support for regional integration, this paper examines the reasons behind the EU’s lack of impact in promoting regional integration. Stemming from this analysis, the paper proposes a recalibration of EU policy by decoupling trade relations from political engagement and by increasing support for physical and visible integration as opposed to formal institutions detached from the perceived needs of the public.

Dealing with diversity The EU and Latin America today

Publisher: 
EUISS
City: 
Paris
Volume, number, page: 
n.145.
Category: 
Abstract: 
This Chaillot Paper examines the relationship between the EU and Latin America and the Caribbean (LAC). It contends that the original assumptions underpinning EU policy towards the region no longer apply, due to the erosion of the liberal consensus, as well as the ongoing obstacles to regional integration in LAC.
Highlighting the various shortcomings in this bi-regional relationship, the paper argues that focusing on bilateral relations between the EU and individual countries is the way to move forward today, as it is in this sphere that deeper and more concrete cooperation has been strongest. This is because this level of interaction is best suited to accommodate an increasingly diverse region.

Contribuição para a reflexão sobre a elaboração de uma política regional latino-americana :

fatores a serem considerados durante a implementação da política regional europeia
Publisher: 
ipea
City: 
Brasilia
Volume, number, page: 
n. 11, pp. 51-71
Category: 
Considered Countries: 
Abstract: 
Apresenta alguns fatores importantes a serem considerados no que tange a elaboração de uma política regional latino-americano, a partir de considerações sobre a política regional europeia. Os autores argumentam que mesmo o exemplo europeu, o mais reconhecido no mundo, não ocorre de maneira homogênea, fato para o qual os formuladores e implementadores da América Latina devem estar atentos. Dessa forma, são realizadas recomendações à luz das restrições existentes frente à plena funcionalidade das políticas regionais na Europa, que poderiam vir a ocorrer também no entorno latino-americano.

City-regions and their role in the Euro-Latin American relations

Publisher: 
Taylor & Francis Ltd.
Volume, number, page: 
2:1, pp.363-370
Considered Countries: 
Abstract: 
This paper argues that a new agenda for the relations between the European Union (EU) and Latin America and the Caribbean (LAC) is necessary, and that city regions can play an important role in it. Due to the shortcomings of the previous interregional strategy and the futile discussion if Latin America follows the European integration model, this new agenda should focus more on triangular and decentralized forms of cooperation aid, trade issues, and the knowledge transfer of poverty- and polarization-reduction strategies. Based on the foreign policy approaches of two Colombian case studies (the city-regions of Barranquilla and Medellin), it is shown that the international activities of Latin American city-regions can open new perspectives for EU–LAC relations.

Association / free trade agreement - bi-regional partnership between European Union and Andean Community

Publisher: 
Universidad del Norte
City: 
Barranquilla
Volume, number, page: 
n.32, pp. 218-245
Abstract: 
This article discusses current European Union foreign policy developments and their application in Latin America including the possibility
of negotiating a bi-regional partnership agreement between the European Union and the Andean Community. The way from an Association
Agreement to a Free Trade Agreement is also analysed presenting the different viewpoints of the negotiating parties and possible ideological
differences. The Eurolatinamerican interregional space theory and its application in the bi-regional integration process are also presented.
In the conclusions concerns are expressed regarding the future of biregional partnership negotiations especially between integrations with
asymmetries.

EU-Latin America and Caribbean Inter-regional relations: complexity and change.

Publisher: 
CIDOB
City: 
Barcelona
Volume, number, page: 
24, pp.3-24.
Category: 
Abstract: 
This paper analyses regionalism in Latin America and the Caribbean and interregionalism between this region and the European Union. The complexities and overlapping of Latin American regionalisms are reflected in the several interregional mechanisms that the European Union has with Latin American and Caribbean countries and regional organisations. The paper argues that different political and economic interests in Latin America and the Caribbean have given rise to overlapping regionalist projects, where the overlapping of competences is more problematic than that of membership. Also, Latin American and Caribbean regionalisms have constantly evolved in terms of strategies and organisations. This has generated a number of interregional institutionalized mechanisms between the EU and Latin America and the Caribbean, but the current structure seems in need for reform.

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