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 Scientific cooperation

The development of relationships in science, technology, research and innovation in health between the EU and LAC countries:

a promising future
Publisher: 
Icict
City: 
Rio de Janeiro
Volume, number, page: 
8:1, pp.32-42.
Considered Countries: 
Abstract: 
This paper presents the evolution of the dialogue between European Union and Latin American and Caribbean countries with regard to Science and Technology cooperation, especially in health. We begin with a historical overview and a periodization of the history of relations between these two regions referred by a system of Summits that strengthened and supported the political dialogue. Then, we identify existing instruments for EU-LAC relations in science and technology and the main areas of cooperation and – from this perspective – we analyzed the state of cooperation between the regions. Finally, we discuss the perspectives and next steps toward future relations between EU and LAC countries in science, technology, research and innovation in health. In the end of the paper we present the projections for the forthcoming EU-LAC cooperation in science and technology in health that are being worked in the EU-LAC Health initiative. Today the bi-regional relationship calls for mutual benefits and it is expected that the strategic partnership will add value to both regions.

European Union - Latin America Scientific cooperation in the 90's

International Scientific Cooperation (ISC) v.2.
Publisher: 
European Commission
City: 
Brussels
Volume, number, page: 
560 p.
Abstract: 
This volume presents an overview of the results of almost a decade of continuous support from the European Community to cooperation between EU scientists and their Latin American counterparts. In addition it gives full details ofthe teams involved and how to contact them.
It gives me great satisfaction to present this overview of the results of almost a decade of continuous support from the European Community to cooperation between our scientists and their Latin American counterparts. In addition, this publication provides researchers with a valuable source of information on the projects supported, their scope, objectives, and results, and gives full details of the teams involved and how to contact
them.
The reader will find in the pages that follow the practical results of the Community's policy on scientific cooperation with the Latin American region. As in the case of other developing regions, Community policy has sought to harmonise a contribution to the region's socio-economic progress with our own scientific interests.
Implementation of this policy has allowed Community scientists to gain access to localities displaying particular environmental, agricultural, ecological and public health characteristics, and to undertake their research in these areas. As a counterbalance, we believe that Latin American researchers have derived great benefit from interaction with their European peers. Given their own scientific quality, this sharing of experience
places local teams in a privileged position from which to contribute to finding sciencebased solutions to problems faced by their communities.
It is precisely with the aim of tackling these problems effectively that, after extensive dialogue with the scientific authorities and communities of the region, the Commission selected areas on which to target cooperation. Agriculture and agroindustry, health and environmental issues were considered the most important priorities, as the reader will be able to see in the body of this publication. However, in order to capitalize on the human potential available, research in other relevant fields such as earth sciences, materials and different branches of engineering was also supported when resources permitted.

Towards the EU-LAC Knowledge Area

scientific and technological cooperation between Latin America, the Caribbean and the European Union for sustainable development and social inclusion
City: 
Brussels
Volume, number, page: 
36 p.
Abstract: 
Climate change, demographic transitions, expectations for better health and greener and more inclusive economies are among the drivers for more scientific and technological cooperation and innovation. The Guadalajara Summit in 2004 therefore placed the development of an EU-Latin-Caribbean Knowledge Area on the political agenda of bi-regional relations. In 2010, this concept gains fresh momentum through the endorsement of a new Joint Initiative for Research and Innovation. The selection of concrete research collaborations, mostly from the 6th and 7th Research Framework Programmes included here, can only cover a small part of the wide thematic range of joint activities addressing problems and oportunities of mutual interest.These projects mobilise teams from across Europe, Latin America, the Caribbean and other continents as well. They are either still on-going or recently completed. New collaborations will come on-stream in 2010, 2011 and beyond to turn declarations into practice. They represent a sizeable potential for innovation in the direction of sustainable development and social inclusion, the focus of the 2010 EU-LAC Summit in Madrid.

Research on Biodiversity and Climate Change at a Distance

Collaboration Networks between Europe and Latin America and the Caribbean.
Publisher: 
PLOS
City: 
San Francisco
Volume, number, page: 
11:6: pp.1-19.
Abstract: 
Biodiversity loss and climate change are both globally significant issues that must be addressed through collaboration across countries and disciplines. With the December 2015 COP21 climate conference in Paris and the recent creation of the Intergovernmental Platform on Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services (IPBES), it has become critical to evaluate the capacity for global research networks to develop at the interface between biodiversity and climate change. In the context of the European Union (EU) strategy to stand as a world leader in tackling global challenges, the European Commission has promoted ties between the EU and Latin America and the Caribbean (LAC) in science, technology and innovation.
However, it is not clear how these significant interactions impact scientific cooperation at the interface of biodiversity and climate change. We looked at research collaborations between two major regions—the European Research Area (ERA) and LAC—that addressed both biodiversity and climate change. We analysed the temporal evolution of these collaborations, whether they were led by ERA or LAC teams, and which research
domains they covered. We surveyed publications listed on the Web of Science that were authored by researchers from both the ERA and LAC and that were published between 2003 and 2013. We also run similar analyses on other topics and other continents to provide baseline comparisons. Our results revealed a steady increase in scientific co-authorships between ERA and LAC countries as a result of the increasingly complex web of relationships that has been weaved among scientists from the two regions. The ERA-LAC coauthorship increase for biodiversity and climate change was higher than those reported forother topics and for collaboration with other continents. We also found strong differences in international collaboration patterns within the LAC: co-publications were fewest from researchers in low- and lower-middle-income countries and most prevalent from researchers in emerging countries like Mexico and Brazil. Overall, interdisciplinary publications represented 25.8%of all publications at the interface of biodiversity and climate change in the ERA-LAC network. Further scientific collaborations should be promoted 1) to prevent less developed countries from being isolated from the global cooperation network, 2) to ensure that scientists from these countries are trained to lead visible and recognized biodiversity and climate change research, and 3) to develop common study models that better integrate multiple scientific disciplines and better support decision-making.
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