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Explaining the renewed push for an European Union Association Agreement with Mercosur

Publisher: 
Difusión Jurídica
City: 
Madrid
Volume, number, page: 
6, pp. 136-158
Considered Countries: 
Abstract: 
El primer intento de lograr un acuerdo entre la Unión Europea y Mercosur
acabó sin éxito en Octubre 2004. En 2010 la UE lo intentó otra vez. Sin embargo este
segundo intento conllevaba problemas y retos nuevos, entre aquellos: la actual crisis
global, el ingreso de diez nuevos Estados miembros, las restricciones que Argentina
puso a las exportaciones de la UE, la falta de desarrollo del proprio Mercosur en una
area político y económicamente integrada. En este artículo se sostiene que el acuerdo
de asociación puede más bien explicarse como resultado del particular interés que
llevan España y Portugal, y el utilizo entre los demás instrumentos, del “momentum”
creado por la presidencia Española de la UE.

Migration and Democracy: Issues for Latin America and Europe at a time of Global Recession

Publisher: 
IDEA
City: 
Stockholm
Category: 
Considered Countries: 
Abstract: 
The current global economic crisis is making it more difficult to use migration as a
mechanism for the diversification of employment and earning among countries because
the main destinations for Latin American migrants, such as the United States and Spain,
are suffering recession, losing jobs and reducing employment opportunities for foreigners.
The dual trends in the past two decades of globalization and democratization must now
be accompanied by better treatment of migration issues, including open borders for
migrants, the provision of a regularized legal status and the enforcement of labour
rights for migrants, as well as modern treatment of the circulation of knowledge, and
of student and medical migration. Latin America and Europe have a mutual historical
relationship of the international movement of people that needs to be preserved at times
of economic hardship. The current system of international factor mobility facilitates the
movement of capital from north to south but restricts the movement of labour from
south to north. History teaches that economic nationalism in labour markets, such
as in the 1920s and 1930s, entails xenophobia and global welfare costs by preventing
the international movement of human resources from countries with low productivity
levels to those with higher levels of productivity, and is also inimical to a fair, global and
prosperous economic order that sees beyond business cycles towards long-term stability
and progress.

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