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Estados Unidos

Migration in Latin America and the Caribbean :

A view from the ICFTU/ORIT
Labour Education on line
Publisher: 
ILO
City: 
Geneva
Volume, number, page: 
pp.101-108
Category: 
Considered Countries: 
Abstract: 
Historically speaking, the migratory movements of the population of Latin America and the Caribbean have been closely related to the development of societies in these regions and, more specifically, to economic, social and political imbalances

Europe and Latin America :

combating drugs and drug trafficking
City: 
Brussels
Volume, number, page: 
26 p.
Abstract: 
Two decades of cooperation between Europe and Latin America to combat drugs and drug trafficking have had a limited impact in terms of reducing drug consumption and production and have not led to better control of the criminal networks involved in the trafficking. Given this lack of decisive progress, fresh debate is emerging in Latin America on possible alternatives to the traditional models for tackling drugs, which are often seen as increasingly obsolete. These alternatives include measures such as decriminalisation and partial regulation of the drugs market. This study contains recent data on illegal drug consumption and production in the EU and Latin America, a general overview of the policies adopted in both regions, and analysis of the main bi-regional cooperation tools and main aspects of the current debate on drug trafficking. The study concludes with a number of recommendations on how to reform the current drugs and drug trafficking strategies and programmes pursued by both regions and with other partners.

Poverty, inclusion, institutions 

a challenge for Latin America and the European Union
Publisher: 
Cacucci Editore
City: 
Bari
Volume, number, page: 
3;1, pp.101-118
Abstract: 
If, in the period immediately following the Second World War, the social market economy represented the attempt to implement the theoretical principles identified and developed by the authors of “Ordo”, of the Frieburg school, we ask whether today, as well, the model of the social market economy (SME) is able to respond to the challenges coming from a political and economic context that is inevitably changed. The process of European integration owes much to those principles and attempts at implementation of the same. Much, then, has been done, but even more remains to be done and, as “each horizon calls to a new horizon”, each problem refers us to the solution of new problems. For this reason, we have pondered the new challenges that await both the pure theorists and the policy-makers who take the social market economy as their model of inspiration. For this reason, we have centered our reflection on a paradigm whose components are: poverty, inclusion, institutions

The Brazil-European Union strategic partnership, from Lula to Dilma Rousseff

a shift of focus
Publisher: 
Instituto Brasileiro de Relações Internacionais
City: 
Rio de Janeiro
Volume, number, page: 
60:1, pp. 1-17
Considered Countries: 
Abstract: 
The article concentrates on the role which the strategic partnership with the European Union played in Brazilian foreign policy from 2007 to 2015, and the shift of focus that took place during the Lula and Dilma Rousseff administrations.
It analyses the progress of such strategic partnership and the exchanges persector carried out within related frameworks. It also discusses and segregates the so-called sector dialogues into two types and argues that, since the beginning of the Rousseff administration, multilateral exchanges encountered growing obstacles to becoming successful, whereas bilateral dialogues found increasingly favorable ground.

Cocaine Trafficking in Latin America

EU and US Policy Responses
Publisher: 
Ashgate
City: 
Aldershot
Volume, number, page: 
283 p.
Category: 
Considered Countries: 
Abstract: 
The post-Cold War world has seen the emergence of new kinds of security threats. Whilst traditionally security threats were perceived of in terms of military threats against a state, non-traditional security threats are those that pose a threat to various internal competencies of the state and its identity both home and abroad. The European Union and the United States have identified Latin American cocaine trafficking as a security threat, but their policy responses to it have differed. This book examines the ways in which the EU and the US have conceptualized this threat. Furthermore, it explores the impact of cocaine trafficking on four state functions - economic, political, public order and diplomatic - in order to explain why it has become 'securitized'. Appealing to a variety of university courses, this book is especially relevant to security studies and European and US policy analysis, as well as criminology and sociology

Association / free trade agreement - bi-regional partnership between European Union and Andean Community

Publisher: 
Universidad del Norte
City: 
Barranquilla
Volume, number, page: 
n.32, pp. 218-245
Abstract: 
This article discusses current European Union foreign policy developments and their application in Latin America including the possibility
of negotiating a bi-regional partnership agreement between the European Union and the Andean Community. The way from an Association
Agreement to a Free Trade Agreement is also analysed presenting the different viewpoints of the negotiating parties and possible ideological
differences. The Eurolatinamerican interregional space theory and its application in the bi-regional integration process are also presented.
In the conclusions concerns are expressed regarding the future of biregional partnership negotiations especially between integrations with
asymmetries.

Migración y remesas nexos América Latina-Europa

Publisher: 
AECID
City: 
Madrid
Volume, number, page: 
n.8, pp.175-193
Abstract: 
El artículo examina los nexos entre migración, remesas y desarrollo, con base en estudios sobre la migración latinoamericana hacia Estados Unidos, España, Suiza e Italia, con el propósito de ilustrar las interrelaciones entre los determinantes de la migración, las características de los y las migrantes, las condiciones vigentes en los países receptores de migrantes y los patrones de envíos de remesas. Analiza la composición según sexo y calificación de los migrantes ecuatorianos y dominicanos, las tendencias en los flujos migratorios y la inserción ocupacional en los países de llegada, vinculando el volumen de remesas con la calidad de la ocupación de migrantes en los mercados laborales de destino. Concluye que no se han encontrado resultados claros sobre el tipo de impactos de remesas sobre la pobreza, el surgimiento de actividades económicas y las condiciones de vida en los hogares migrantes. Finalmente, pone en duda la continuidad de las remesas, dada la inestabilidad de los mercados de trabajo en los países de destino de migrantes, y la emergencia de políticas migratorias restrictivas.
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