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PEÑA Félix

EU and Latin America. A Stronger Partnership?

Ledizioni LediPublishing
Volume, number, page: 
137 p.
2019 will be the year of the twentieth anniversary of the EU-LAC bi-regional Strategic Partnership. But will it also be the year of the desired turning point for EU-LAC relations? Will Europe be able to re-launch political and economic dialogue with LAC countries, especially taking into account that its engagement combines different levels of relations: regional, through the EU-LAC Strategic Partnership, sub-regional, with different regional organizations such as Mercosur or the Pacific Alliance, and bilateral, with individual countries? And finally, will Europe and Latin American countries be able to navigate through today’s choppy international waters, with rising tides of populism and protectionism mounting on both shores of the Atlantic? These issues are at the core of this ISPI report. EU-LAC relations are a litmus test for Brussels to show that it still has the potential to scale up its influence in the region, notwithstanding the current divisions and lack of vision of the EU itself. Building upon a less ambitious but more pragmatic agenda, Europe may indeed re-launch a win-win partnership.

Concertation (1) or Negotiation: More than a Semantic Difference. Some Reflections about Lessons from the Cases of Mercosur and EU

Buenos Aires
Volume, number, page: 
The purpose of this essay is to present a comparative analysis on the birth and developments of the Mercosur and of the European Union, trying to identifiy the central key that may explain the different life and accomplishments of both regimes, beyond their formal similarities. In both cases founding nations were politically and strategically motivated, and established organized cooperation and integration, going further than free trade among them, on the basis of normative treaties. Negotiations were and are the operative idoneous way utilized by those regimes. Moreover, European nations have chosen from the very begining concertación "to overcome their antagonisms" and to develop "a relative efficient and dynamic pattern of working together" and this prevail in the activities of the European Union until now. This crucial approach has to be taken as the main reason for the persistence of the regime and its success. On the other side Mercosur parties from the birth of the regime based their expectations on negotiations alone. The basic concertación in the European Union and the lack of it in Mercosur make the difference in the life and attainement of their respective purpose and goals.
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